Compression socks perfectly cope with the tasks of preventing and even treating various deviations in terms of destabilization of the vascular system of the body. Their assistance extends to lesions in the lower limbs in the areas of the foot. And if knee-highs or other similar variations from compression knitwear are positioned as an effective tool against classical varicose veins, then socks made of elastic material are a bit different task.
Male and female variations of such specific linen work more for the sake of prevention. They are appointed to sports by professional athletes, so that they feel comfortable without overstressing the muscles in the ankle area. Manufacturers took care of the proposals in their collection for the aircraft.
Specialized rulers for flights help to better tolerate prolonged stay in a stationary position without consequences for the circulatory system.
But sometimes phlebologists who diagnose atypical types of varicose veins recommend using these assistants for running to ordinary patients. They are well saved from edema.
If the victim has just started to develop varicose veins, periodic swelling, a feeling of fatigue in the feet, then he can not buy full-fledged anti-varicose stockings. An experienced doctor will advise to buy a shorter alternative, the price that will please more than the price tag of the same tights. And the effectiveness in hereditary predisposition to venous diseases or as prophylaxis in sedentary, standing work will be no worse.
Effect on the body
Lingerie with a compression effect is both therapeutic and prophylactic features. But in the first case, it is rarely used simply as monotherapy. It will be much more productive to combine drug therapy, or even turn to medical intervention for a solution.
The effectiveness of the use of even open-toed models with the ability of an unusual fabric to improve blood circulation is explained. This happens due to the preparation of additional support for the vascular walls when wearing a sock. The result will please the prevention of venous deformities.
If you do not take a course of preventive measures in time, then more difficult times will come for men and women. They will have to deal with the consequences of vascular insufficiency.
The most common symptoms include the following unpleasant phenomena and conditions:
- edema, which does not always pass in the morning after an evening exacerbation;
- convulsive syndrome;
- pain syndrome.
In the most dangerous scenario, the victim may face a blood clot, which in some circumstances may even cause the victim to be fatal. Against this background, things with compression gum turn into a real salvation that can prevent a worse outcome.
Underwear from varicose veins exerts correctly adjusted pressure and pressure calculated by the developers on the walls of the veins. In professional terminology, this is called graduated compression. This means that pressure on elastic fibers will be applied to different points of the foot according to specific medical indications. Not for nothing that even choosing ski socks based on medical knitwear should be selected only after a thorough examination and preliminary consultation with a phlebologist.
Already after a few days of proper socks, real “holidays” are coming at the feet. Thanks to the supporting effect on the venous valves, the socks can hold the right pressure, positively affecting the general well-being of the patient. A biologically similar approach is explained by controlling blood flow, because even a lightweight model without a sock prevents incoming blood from stagnating in problem vessels. Instead, the bloodstream effectively enriches the cells, which helps fight against deformation.
Socks from medical knitwear are often shown even for children, in contrast to other hosiery products, which require the consumer to reach a certain age.
If we discard the use for skiing and professional sports, which imply mandatory support for the tone of the foot and ankle, then there are many other indications for their use. Despite the fact that varicose veins are less likely to affect the ankle, this does not mean that there are no such cases in medical practice.
Among other diagnoses and pathological conditions that need to be corrected with medical socks, the following are distinguished:
- venous insufficiency;
- trophic ulcer;
- pronounced vascular mesh;
- postthrombotic syndrome;
- calf cramps on a regular basis;
- swelling in the ankles;
- venous eczema.
If the victim has extensive swelling and leg fatigue on a periodic basis, then this indicates the first alarming bells of a dangerous disease. In this case, you should seek the advice of a phlebologist and ask to appoint such fixators on the ankle.
We will have to prepare for the long-term wearing of the product of those who have undergone surgery in this zone. Even after an ankle fracture, experts insist on wearing such a useful holder during the entire course of rehabilitation.
For ease of use things in the summer, the developers offer options where there is an open heel. For the same reason, many summer modifications, especially for the stronger sex, do not have a bow. But the lack of a fabric heel, like a toe, does not affect the quality of the product itself, including the compression boundaries.
Elastic adaptations of socks are necessary for almost all those people who lead a sedentary lifestyle and want to keep their feet healthy for a long time. Also at risk are those who have problems with excess weight, or adhere to a course of malnutrition.
If we talk exclusively about the use for professional purposes of tourists, marathon runners, runners, in the compression knitwear endurance and performance of athletes increases several times. Also, elastic fibers significantly reduce the likelihood of injury, such as tendon stretching or ligament damage. And thanks to the accelerated blood flow, it will be possible to improve the quality of recovery upon completion of the workout.
The materials from which the special socks are made, even with prolonged wear, do not cause allergies, nor do they provoke profuse sweating even on particularly hot days. The fabric breathes, which allows for free air exchange for the convenience of the consumer.
The main contraindications
Despite the fact that the benefits from the use of such assistants are obvious, they are not allowed to be worn by everyone.
The list of absolute contraindications are:
- thromboangiitis obliterans.
Clinical situations with relative contraindications are considered separately. This is the name for diseases for which it is still possible to prescribe items made of compression material, if the benefits of their operation exceed the potential harm. Each case is considered individually by the attending doctor, taking into account the detailed examination.
The list of relative prohibitions includes:
- congestive dermatitis;
- thrombophlebitis at the stage of acute development;
- the presence of open wound surfaces, even of relatively small area;
- inflammatory process with localization on the skin;
- infectious lesions;
- trophic formations;
- sensitive skin.
With special care, the appointment is made with previously identified cardiopulmonary insufficiency, which makes itself felt in a horizontal position. Also with caution conduct prescriptions of this kind to diabetics. Here one should take into account the degree of development of diabetes mellitus, as well as its clear manifestations on the lower extremities.
The serious condition of the victim, caused by inflammation of the veins with all the ensuing manifestations of the septic process, is also a relative contraindication, which must be reckoned with.
Relying solely on reviews from other patients in choosing the right solution is a bad idea. It is much more efficient to use the diagrams of two standard classifications for correct selection.
They envisage the division into:
- compression class;
- true destination.
Initially, experts insist on the need to figure out what the fixatives for a particular patient are for.
There are three goals:
The first section covers the work of protecting the legs from the development of venous diseases in case of a poor hereditary predisposition. Externally, such proposals differ from similar therapeutic ones in the absence of elastic inserts on the foot area. This ensures that there is no external pressure where it is not yet needed to avoid the development of negative side effects during reinsurance. Prophylactic specimens may be worn frequently, but not daily.
Treatment variations will need to be found for those who are faced with an already confirmed diagnosis from the list of medical indications. To achieve the desired performance, manufacturers put the strongest compression effect on the lower leg area. So it turns out to stabilize the outflow of blood, which has a beneficial effect on the removal of edema. The victim ceases to feel constant fatigue and heaviness. But in order to achieve the plan, it will be necessary to wear the acquisition on an ongoing basis until the improvements are fixed on an ongoing basis.
Sports solutions were initially positioned as a prerogative of only professionals. But today, many lovers of an active lifestyle, as well as visitors to gyms, are willing to purchase such a pair to protect their ankle from accidental overload or sprain.
It is equally important to properly deal with compression classes, of which there are five varieties.
On the box, the specified parameter is marked with the marking RAL-GZ 387, representing:
- Zero standard. Its boundaries range from 10 to 15 mmHg, which means the force of external pressure on the skin. These are insignificant indicators, which is quite enough to prevent a number of consequences with a regular load on the foot or ankle. It is suitable for training in the gym or amateur tourism.
- The first degree, characterized by a framework of 18 to 22 mm Hg. Art., which becomes an important parameter for mild symptoms of a disease. Even such a relatively weak group of medical products should be prescribed by a doctor, based on the information collected in the victim's medical file. Most often, such holders are prescribed to women in an interesting position to level the classic evening puffiness.
- The second degree with values within a radius of 23-32 mm Hg. Art. needed for those who have confirmed venous ailments, but they are still not at an advanced stage. This category is suitable even for varicose veins without complications.
- The third degree with working values of 33-46 mm Hg. Art., which abound even in severe disease of the venous vessels with localization in the lower extremities.
- Superstrong fifth degree, which covers parameters from 49 mm Hg. Art. It is prescribed only for use in inpatient hospital settings under the supervision of medical personnel. More powerful fixers are needed to prevent elephant disease, as well as neutralize the swelling of the lymphatic spectrum.
To say exactly what format is suitable for a particular victim can only an experienced phlebologist after studying the results of the analyzes.
Other sorting options
To guess with the model, it is not enough just to pick a brand manufacturer meticulously. It is important to pay attention to the comparison of personal dimensions with the existing dimensional grid.
Here it is more important not just to measure the length of the foot. It will be much more effective to measure the caviar volume and the diameter of the widest part of the leg. All three values will allow you to choose the best option, focusing on the features of the table from each manufacturer, since the values of different brands may vary slightly.
Another important item of choice should be the material. It will be best if cotton, which is a natural fabric that does not block natural air exchange, is taken as the basis for the pair you like. As a dense frame use impurities microfiber, lycra, nylon, elastane.
If the doctor has planned a sufficiently long course of therapy, then it is worthwhile to take care of the seasonal fit of the wardrobe dress in advance. In spite of the fact that there is no fundamental difference between modifications with an open toe or a fully closed model, for the summer it is better to choose the first option.
Also, the open version is useful to those who have outstanding foot dimensions, but at the same time the ankle seems very short. In case of various deformities of the toes or the defeat of the nails with their fungus, it is also better to give preference to couples without a sock.
As for the division into purely female and male units, then there is no significant difference in the anatomical part. Differences cover except designer delights.
To protect the purchase from premature wear, it is extremely important to properly learn how to care for it. The most important principle here is protection from elevated temperatures and negative mechanical influences such as pressing, random serious deformations. Otherwise, the stability of the frame will shake, which will reduce the final productivity.
To prevent this, you need to abandon ironing socks and dry cleaning. Instead, preference should be given to the manual wash mode, before starting which you will need to remove all the jewelry from your hands, which can serve as a source of clues.
Some consumers are so afraid of exposing the therapeutic structure of the fibers to extra influence that they try to erase the fixators of the vascular net less often. But this is also the wrong approach. While walking on the street, motes and other dirt are clogged in the segments between the elastic threads, which over time deforms the original frame.
The authors recommend that only sparing detergents be attracted to hand washing, among which liquid soap, shampoos, gels for washing baby clothes or powder for washing delicate items are best suited. Such detergents do not contain destructive particles of chlorine and phosphates, which allows longer preserve the integrity of the healing fibers.
It is best to use liquid media format, while erasing products in a separate bowl without other items of clothing of any color. Some powders are so hard that their grains do not dissolve completely, which allows them to get stuck between the threads, increasing the distance.
You also need to abandon the soap because of the prevalence of fatty acids there, which manifest themselves too aggressively in relation to the dense material.
Water should be slightly warm, about 30-40 degrees. First, it is poured into the basin, and then a sufficient dose of the washing component is added there.
You need to soak the product for about ten minutes, not more, since a long stay in water also adversely affects the quality. Having stretched socks in soapy water, they should not be wrung out, twisted, or subjected to other types of mechanical influence.
It is better to simply rinse in clean water with gentle movements several times. Moreover, it is strictly forbidden to additionally involve a starch, bleach, and air conditioning. They are not adapted for handling delicate knitwear.
Completed care proper drying, which involves laying things on a horizontal surface on top of a towel or a clean cut fabric. They are designed to absorb the remaining liquid. But you can not hang washed on a rope, as it spoils the elastic frame. No need to lay the product on the battery, other heating devices or lay out in direct sunlight.
On a similar principle, you need to take care of socks, which are additionally equipped with silicone inserts. Such gum is destroyed if you act on them with soapy solutions or in contact with skin fat. If the consumer does not want the elasticity to subside or the insert becomes brittle, they must be cleaned only with medical alcohol.
The liquid is applied to a cotton pad and wiped with silicone.
Clean the inserts in this way at least once every couple of weeks. When hand-washing in order to maintain the integrity of the silicone part, it is intercepted by a cord lower by 2 centimeters from the insert to avoid accidental soaking.
For the convenience of socks, especially for therapeutic purposes, it would be more logical to purchase two pairs at once. This will allow you to change products, because in the horizontal position they will dry for quite a while. It is necessary to store the dried "reserve" in the cabinet at a temperature of no more than 25 degrees, away from direct exposure to ultraviolet radiation and high humidity.
Following such simple instructions will allow the use of compression garments for the entire period of operation indicated on the package - up to 36 months with careful care.