In the crop market, a grassy plant such as chives is a priority. Judging by the name, it’s not hard to guess that it belongs to the onion family. Recognition among consumers took a long time, due to the properties and unpretentious care. He has a lot of "names". For example, in Siberia - a rezan or rezun, In Italy and Portugal - just "English onion", and in the northern regions of the Russian Federation - chives. In other countries - winter bush onions, and in Ukraine - "trimbulka" (restaurant) or speed. In addition to these names, each nationality calls it in local dialects, chali, sogan, soh.
It is also interesting that in German “schnittzwiebel” - means cutting onions, or more precisely, greens, since the nutrients (minerals, amino acids) and vitamins of the plant are concentrated in feathers (tubular hollow thin leaves).
Allium Schoenoprasum (Latin) - chives - perennial, resistant to frost, hygrophilous. Grown in the same territory for five to six years. In nature, there are two subspecies of rezun:
- alpine (Russian or European) with bushes in which two hundred branches, unlike another subspecies, the feather is small, quickly growing;
- Siberian bush (150-170 branches), but the leaves are frost-resistant and large, forty centimeters.
Chives have a well-developed fibrous root system, and each individual process has its own rhizome. The roots go deep into the soil by thirty centimeters, rarely by eighty, intertwined with each other and the roots of other plants (resulting in the formation of turf). In the month of July, the roots begin to recover gradually, the old ones die off at the time of the appearance of the young.
The feathers (leaves) of chives, depending on the variety, are either light green or dark green in color. The length of the feather reaches from 30 cm to 40 cm. Cirrus leaves are bitter-sharp in taste, with the aroma of onions. The plant in its composition contains fourteen vitamins, as well as proteins, carbohydrates and fats.
|Chives||Zn (zinc), Mn (manganese), as well as Fe (iron), Cu (copper) and Se (selenium)||Phosphorus (Ph), Potassium (K) and Magnesium (Mg), Calcium (Ca) and Sodium (Na)||B1, B2, B4. B5 and B6, B9, as well as C, K and PP, A, E and beta carotene|
At the time of flowering, which occurs in the month of May, the beds planted with a pan look like lace (due to inflorescences). They play with delicately bright colors, from white and pink, and ending with lilac. Therefore, gardeners plant chives in the form of flower beds for landscaping a section of a private house or cottage.
The homeland of chives is considered the northern regions of China and Mongolia, Siberia (eastern part). It is found in the wild in India, Asia (Central), North America and Europe.
Onion chives quickly adapt to the habitat. And if you take into account that which does not require special care, then you can grow it almost everywhere. Ideal to grow in temperate climates.
Growing plants in areas prone to drought requires constant watering.
In order for the chives to constantly give young greens, gardeners and gardeners are advised to regularly cut the feather while it is young and full of vitamin. Otherwise, old leaves lose their quality.
Varieties of chives
In nature, chives have many varieties, depending on the area of growth. Common varieties are listed in the table below.
|No. p / p||Grade name||Description|
|1||Bohemia||An early variety of chives. Bushes of the plant are branched. Cirrus leaves reach fifty centimeters. Their taste is moderate in contrast to other varieties, the content of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) -58.1 mg per hundred grams. Gives a high yield of seven hundred and fifty grams per square meter. Bohemia is resistant to powdery mildew disease.|
|2||Crocus||From 1 m² for one cutting seven hundred grams of greenery is collected. It differs from other varieties in that the leaves grow back quickly. Gives a crop for 4 years, growing in one soil.|
|3||Elvi||The perennial variety of cutter, which is common in the territory of Scandinavia, is the only one with white flowers.|
|4||Honey plant||Schnitt variety of onion, which is especially popular. The melliferous bushes are thick, the leaves are semi-sharp in taste. It gives good crops, six hundred grams per square meter during the season (five cuts). Powdery mildew susceptibility is medium.|
|5||Albion||A variety with large bushes with one hundred and fifty branches, the feather reaches forty centimeters. The taste of leaves is sharp, vitamin C, in one hundred grams contains 58.1 mg. Albion gives for the season, five cuts, with a total weight of 5 kg with 1 m².|
|6||Chemal||Productivity is six kilograms per square meter during the season. Bushes are large, branched. Feather length 50 cm. Leaves are sharp to taste.|
According to gardeners and gardeners, the process of growing chives is not time-consuming, since it is undemanding to care for. However, Rezun is grown in the shaded area of the garden, which is adequately lit.
Onions chives bred in three ways, seedlings in the ground, vegetatively and by seed. If you want to achieve 100% productivity of the pan, then you should prepare the soil for planting and perform preliminary work. In the autumn, the dug up soil is fertilized with humus or mineral fertilizers. With the advent of spring, it is dried and watered abundantly. Using a marker, make shallow grooves, the depth of which is 1.5 cm. Between the rows there should be a distance of thirty centimeters, and between the bushes twenty. In early spring, sowing prepared chives (soaking) in the furrows is sown. For germination, the soil is covered with a film or agrofibre.
Growing seedlings of chives does not take much work, this requires:
- special containers (cups, boxes);
- chernozem (filled cells for seedlings);
- sufficient watering;
- seeds (sown in containers on the soil surface, sprinkled);
- ready to place the cells on the windowsill.
Transplanting seedlings in the garden in spring. An early harvest is obtained with regular watering. It is worth planting 2 to 3 plants in each hole.
In the way the seeds are germinated (described above), the cutter is grown at home on the windowsill. In this case, you will always have green chives and an excellent supply of vitamins in the body when you use it.
The benefits and harm to health when eating a breed will depend on its quantity in the daily menu.
Thanks to the vitamins that are contained in chives, we can say for sure that the benefits of its use are great:
- equipping the body with vitamins, amino acids necessary for life;
- develops and strengthens the immune system;
- normalizes metabolism in the body;
- prevents the occurrence of atherosclerosis;
- favorably affects the circulatory system;
- treatment of hemorrhoids (plant juice);
- contributes to the development of the fetus of pregnant women.
However, in certain chronic diseases (tachycardia, hypertension, stomach ulcers, pancreatitis, liver diseases), in order not to harm health, chives are consumed in limited quantities. In the event that nausea, heartburn or allergies appear, you must immediately stop eating the product. After that, cleanse the stomach. Take antihistamines and adsorbents (activated carbon, polysorb). With subsequent use, monitor the daily dosage.
Chives are used in cooking. For the preparation of salads, sauces, seasonings and gravy, as well as sandwiches and other dishes. If the smell of onion is not desirable, it is soaked in a marinade: vinegar with water in a ratio of 1: 2 with the addition of sugar and salt (to taste).
There are many recipes in folk medicine using root crops (from pressure, cough, worms and other ailments).
The plant has also found wide application in cosmetology. Onion chives are part of face masks that prevent skin aging. Tinctures based on chives - an ideal option to get rid of age-related blackheads, an unwanted rash on the face. Masks and decoctions for hair will strengthen hair and relieve dandruff.
In addition, chives, thanks to its colors, are also used in floristry, in the preparation of bouquets.