Milk products

Condensed milk

It is now very difficult to imagine life without everyone’s beloved condensed milk. Despite the fact that it was used most actively just among compatriots, in fact, the idea of ​​creating condensed milk belongs to the French confectioner Nicolas Upper, who was the first in the history of culinary to offer the original idea: to store milk in cans. At first it was just milk, since it was stored in a tin dish longer and did not absorb extraneous odors.

Production process

In the process of production of condensed milk, fatty cow milk is processed at a temperature of about 60 degrees, which allows, on the one hand, to evaporate excess moisture, and on the other hand to preserve the maximum amount of beneficial properties of natural milk. In the process, sugar is added to milk, and condensed milk is obtained, which not only preserves all the beneficial properties of ordinary milk, but is also much better absorbed by the body due to the fact that it does not contain lactose, unlike ordinary milk. In addition, the shelf life is significantly increased: condensed milk can be stored for about a year, while natural milk can’t stand this much. During the entire storage time, condensed milk retains all useful vitamins and minerals, as well as trace elements. Truly high-quality condensed milk acts not only as a good dessert, but also as an excellent substitute for pure dairy products.

Story

For the first time, the idea of ​​pasteurization of milk and its storage in the form of canned food was thought about when an unpleasant case of milk poisoning of children occurred. It was then that the confectioners first thought about how to create such milk that would be a safe and at the same time useful product. In addition, the resulting product had to fulfill a very important function: it should be suitable for use by people who cannot tolerate dairy products.

Only in the middle of the 19th century, the American Gail Borden gave the world the condensed milk that was familiar to us, creating the first apparatus at that time in the world that allowed condensing milk by adding sugar to it. After just a little more than 20 years, a plant was already built and launched in Russia, which produced condensed milk in closed cans. Since then, since 1881, condensed milk has very firmly entered our lives and we cannot imagine a country without this product.

In Belarus, in the city of Rogachev, there is a real monument to condensed milk. This monument was erected when the plant, which produced canned milk, turned 75 years old. The so-called time capsule was put into the base of the monument, which was bequeathed to be opened when the plant celebrates its centenary.

The composition of condensed milk

The main advantage of condensed milk is that it is both a natural and very nutritious product. It is obtained from whole cow's milk, which is subjected to heat treatment to evaporate excess moisture. Despite this, condensed milk retains all the same beneficial properties that natural milk has. Of course, in this case it is necessary to choose an exclusively natural product made from whole milk.

Condensed milk is based on a combination of milk itself and a large amount of sugar, so this is a very high-calorie product that is completely unsuitable for those who are on a diet or follow their diet for medical reasons. Naturally, it should be avoided by those who have diabetes. All the rest can only rejoice that condensed milk is not only very sweet and tasty, but also healthy. Perhaps, it can rightfully be considered one of the most useful and delicious sweets in the world, including due to the fact that children enjoy it with great pleasure.

The composition of condensed milk (per 100 g)
Vitamins
Vitamin PP0.2 mg
B2 (riboflavin)0.2 mg
B9 (folic acid)2 mg
B3 (PP)0.8 mg
B6 (pyridoxine)0.1 mg
B12 (cyanocobalamin)0.4 mg
E (tocopherol)0.2 mg
Choline29 mg
Trace elements
TO318 mg
P224 mg
S69 mg
Mg30 mg
Sa282 mg
Na124 mg

Calcium contained in condensed milk contributes to the normal development of bones and teeth, supports the normal functioning of cells and strengthens muscles. Vitamin A supports normal vision and improves its condition. Phosphorus, which is also found in condensed milk, improves brain function and supports the nervous system, and also stimulates the restoration of blood cells.

How to choose the right

In order for condensed milk to bring you exclusively benefits, you need to choose it correctly. Give preference to proven producers, remember that a really good product can’t be cheap, because a lot of milk is needed to produce condensed milk.

Condensed milk is divided into several types:

  1. With the addition of sugar, the popular term "condensed milk" refers to it.
  2. No added sugar, i.e. just concentrated milk.
  3. From pure cow's milk with the addition of sugar and chicory (has a bitter taste).
  4. Condensed milk with cocoa or coffee.
  5. Boiled condensed milk with caramel flavor, which is obtained after heat treatment of ordinary condensed milk.

Modern manufacturers often make condensed milk from vegetable fats with the addition of skimmed milk powder, so be sure to read the composition before buying anything.

In terms of medicine

If you consume condensed milk in moderation, about 1 or 2 teaspoons a day, this will be extremely beneficial. The substances contained in the condensed milk help to stimulate the immune system, have a comprehensively positive effect on the body. However, it is important to remember that, like any other product containing sugar, condensed milk causes a sharp jump in blood sugar, gives a surge of energy, which then drops sharply. That is why it is recommended to use it in very metered quantities in order to avoid unpleasant jumps in blood sugar. But if your work is connected with severe intellectual or physical stress, a small amount of condensed milk will only benefit, as it very quickly restores the energy potential of the body, improves performance and, thanks to its taste, improves mood.

Is it possible to eat condensed milk on a diet

Many are interested in whether condensed milk can be on a diet. Unfortunately, despite a wide range of useful properties, condensed milk has been and remains an extremely high-calorie product, which is absolutely contraindicated for those people who are watching their figure or want to lose weight. This is due to the high sugar content in condensed milk, so if you are on a diet, you should pick up some other dessert that contains fewer calories. Of course, if you add a couple teaspoons of condensed milk to your tea, nothing bad will happen. However, a diet usually involves eating a lower amount of calories than the body needs. The body needs about 1400 calories per day, while in a bank of condensed milk they contain 1200, so it is absolutely not suitable for those who are losing weight.

Low calorie condensed milk recipe

However, if you really want to, you can prepare an analog of condensed milk, only from skim milk. This is a good alternative to this product. To create a dietary condensed milk, you must:

  • 150 grams of milk powder;
  • milk with minimal fat content (0.5-1%);
  • sugar substitute to taste;
  • corn starch - 1 tbsp

All ingredients must be thoroughly mixed, and then simmer on low heat for 2 hours, until the resulting mixture thickens. After cooling, pour it into another container and refrigerate. Naturally, this condensed milk will not be as tasty and definitely not as useful as natural, but it contains much less calories. She will help to cope with the diet for those who love sweets and can not deny themselves for a long time.

Application in cosmetology

It is difficult to imagine, but in fact, condensed milk is often used in cosmetology. For example, one well-known London hairdresser very often uses condensed milk for his work. According to him, the use of condensed milk when coloring hair helps to avoid drying out and serious damage.

Of course, dyeing hair using condensed milk requires a certain skill, but you can make masks from condensed milk even at home. For example, if you are tormented by dryness and peeling of the skin, you can use the following recipe: take one tablespoon of berry or fruit juice, and add 1 tablespoon of condensed milk there. The resulting mass should be applied to those areas of the skin that are particularly affected by dryness and peeling, leave for 15 minutes, and then rinse well.

You can even use hair masks based on condensed milk. To do this, you need to take one banana, chop it in a blender, add a little natural oil, best of all, wheat germ oil, one teaspoon of yogurt, a teaspoon of honey and the same amount of condensed milk. This sweet tasty mixture must be applied to the hair, wrap your head well and warm your hair, you can use a hairdryer. Hold the mask for 30 minutes and then rinse with warm water. Hair will be grateful to you.

Watch the video: How to Make Condensed Milk - Gemma's Bold Baking Basics Episode 2 (January 2020).

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